On July 20th, James Hansen, the former NASA climatologist who brought climate change to the public's attention in the summer of 1988, issued a bombshell: He and a team of climate scientists had identified a newly important feedback mechanism off the coast of Antarctica that suggests mean sea levels could rise 10 times faster than previously predicted: 10 feet by 2065. The authors included this chilling warning: If emissions aren't cut, "We conclude that multi-meter sea-level rise would become practically unavoidable. Social disruption and economic consequences of such large sea-level rise could be devastating. It is not difficult to imagine that conflicts arising from forced migrations and economic collapse might make the planet ungovernable, threatening the fabric of civilization" . . . .
James Hansen, the dean of climate scientists, retired from NASA in 2013 to become a climate activist. But for all the gloom of the report he just put his name to, Hansen is actually somewhat hopeful. That's because he knows that climate change has a straightforward solution: End fossil-fuel use as quickly as possible. If tomorrow, the leaders of the United States and China would agree to a sufficiently strong, coordinated carbon tax that's also applied to imports, the rest of the world would have no choice but to sign up. This idea has already been pitched to Congress several times, with tepid bipartisan support. Even though a carbon tax is probably a long shot, for Hansen, even the slim possibility that bold action like this might happen is enough for him to devote the rest of his life to working to achieve it. On a conference call with reporters in July, Hansen said a potential joint U.S.-China carbon tax is more important than whatever happens at the United Nations climate talks in Paris.
One group Hansen is helping is Our Children's Trust, a legal advocacy organization that's filed a number of novel challenges on behalf of minors under the idea that climate change is a violation of intergenerational equity â€” children, the group argues, are lawfully entitled to inherit a healthy planet.
A separate challenge to U.S. law is being brought by a former EPA scientist arguing that carbon dioxide isn't just a pollutant (which, under the Clean Air Act, can dissipate on its own), it's also a toxic substance. In general, these substances have exceptionally long life spans in the environment, cause an unreasonable risk, and therefore require remediation. In this case, remediation may involve planting vast numbers of trees or restoring wetlands to bury excess carbon underground.
Bamboo: Fargesia papyrifera
10' + bamboo for screens. Clumping. Blue Green stems. Large leafy sprays. Most soils, Moderate irrig. Light shade. Hardy to 15 deg.
Thrives in full sun but will take partial shade. Evergreen Mediterranean shrub. Distinctive yellow flower whorls.
Cuphea hyssopifolis â€œWhiteâ€
False Heather, Mexican Heather, Elfin Herb
Subshrub. Evergreen perennial with tiny flowers. Height 15â€, width 24â€. Use in containers, small borders or as a ground cover. White blooms in summer and fall. USDA Z10.
â€œJuicy Fruitsâ€ Kumquat Nemesia
8-12â€. Full sun, dry to normal water. Drought tolerant.
â€œSopranoâ€ White Osteospermum
6-10â€. Annual except in zones 9-11. Hardy to 25°. Normal water, full to part sun.
So. American shrub, scarlet flowers. 6â€ evergreen, tender below 30°.
Lavender, Toothed Lavender
3'x3'. Attracts butterflies and hummingbirds. Full sun, dry.
Verbena bonariensis (syn. V. patagonica)
Perennial. Drought tolerant. Great for borders. Foliage is sparse, great when planted in masses. Flower clusters are fragrant. Self-sows easily. Native to S. America. Attracts butterflies. Blooms light purple. Size to 5 feet x 2 feet. Exposure: Sun. Water: Moderate/dry. USDA Z8.
Some years ago, in one of my many garden rearrangements, I invited our horseradish out of the field and back into the garden. I had space at the end of the new rhubarb bed which seemed the perfect spot. Being at the edge of the garden, it has tilled or hoed border on two sides, rhubarb on another, and a well mulched path on the inside. A great home for the enthusiastic horseradish. Though the bed was new, it was part of the old garden so the soil was good. Both the rhubarb and horseradish responded to these fresh, rich digs with such enthusiasm that I will be happy when the soil wears out a bit.